Who were they?
Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony were the most prominent members of the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the 1800s. Although they were from different financial and social backgrounds, they were able to come together to organize and support the fight for the women’s right to vote in America.
What did they do?
Beginning as Abolitionists, Mott and Stanton attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840. After not being allowed to speak because of their gender, they shifted their focus to work on women’s rights. Stanton drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, in which she called for equal rights for men and women.
Stanton later teamed up with Susan B. Anthony, and together they founded the American Equal Rights Association which advocated for equal rights for both African Americans and women. They toured the country giving speeches about women’s suffrage and also published a women’s rights newspaper titled The Revolution. Stanton and Anthony presented an amendment to congress in 1878 that gave women the right to vote, and in 1920 that amendment finally passed into law as the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution.
Why do they matter?
Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony fought hard for a number of unpopular ideals in their day including: freedom for all African American slaves, gender neutral divorce laws, increased economic opportunities for women and Black folk, the right for women to serve on juries and, of course, a woman’s right to vote. All three of these women were important voices that led this country toward freedom and equality for all people.